The research project BRIWECS - project description
Innovations in the production of winter wheat in the last decades concerned yield and traits such as canopy and root architecture, adaption to abiotic stress, resistance against pests and diseases, nitrogen fertilization and plant protection, improved tillage and irrigation. The genetic knowledge was amplified and dense genetic marker maps were developed.
Increase yields in combination with improved resource efficiency and yield stability will gain importance in the future. The aim of the research project BRIWECS is the development of the basics for resilient crop cultivars and cropping systems.
In the first three years of the project the breeding innovation in cropping systems of the last 50 years different nitrogen fertilization and plant protection intensity as well as different environmental conditions (temperature, water) will be quantified. In a genome wide association mapping approach genomic regions or genes and their interplay with the environment the production system and will be analysed. The factors influencing innovation development comprising research institutions, breeders and the governmental testing authorities and their integration in the German innovation system will be determined.
In the fourth and fifth year information of the breeding and cropping will be integrated in a simulation model together with the genome wide association and socio economic analyses will point out future lines of development.